blmoore.github.io

Highlight.js

Highlight.js highlights syntax in code examples on blogs, forums and, in fact, on any web page. It’s very easy to use because it works automatically: finds blocks of code, detects a language, highlights it.

Autodetection can be fine tuned when it fails by itself (see “Heuristics”).

Basic usage

Link the library and a stylesheet from your page and hook highlighting to the page load event:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles/default.css">
<script src="highlight.pack.js"></script>
<script>hljs.initHighlightingOnLoad();</script>

This will highlight all code on the page marked up as <pre><code> .. </code></pre>. If you use different markup or need to apply highlighting dynamically, read “Custom initialization” below.

Tab replacement

You can replace TAB (‘\x09’) characters used for indentation in your code with some fixed number of spaces or with a <span> to give them special styling:

<script type="text/javascript">
  hljs.tabReplace = '    '; // 4 spaces
  // ... or
  hljs.tabReplace = '<span class="indent">\t</span>';

  hljs.initHighlightingOnLoad();
</script>

Custom initialization

If you use different markup for code blocks you can initialize them manually with highlightBlock(code, tabReplace, useBR) function. It takes a DOM element containing the code to highlight and optionally a string with which to replace TAB characters.

Initialization using, for example, jQuery might look like this:

$(document).ready(function() {
  $('pre code').each(function(i, e) {hljs.highlightBlock(e)});
});

You can use highlightBlock to highlight blocks dynamically inserted into the page. Just make sure you don’t do it twice for already highlighted blocks.

If your code container relies on <br> tags instead of line breaks (i.e. if it’s not <pre>) pass true into the third parameter of highlightBlock to make highlight.js use <br> in the output:

$('div.code').each(function(i, e) {hljs.highlightBlock(e, null, true)});

Heuristics

Autodetection of a code’s language is done using a simple heuristic: the program tries to highlight a fragment with all available languages and counts all syntactic structures that it finds along the way. The language with greatest count wins.

This means that in short fragments the probability of an error is high (and it really happens sometimes). In this cases you can set the fragment’s language explicitly by assigning a class to the <code> element:

<pre><code class="html">...</code></pre>

You can use class names recommended in HTML5: “language-html”, “language-php”. Classes also can be assigned to the <pre> element.

To disable highlighting of a fragment altogether use “no-highlight” class:

<pre><code class="no-highlight">...</code></pre>

Export

File export.html contains a little program that allows you to paste in a code snippet and then copy and paste the resulting HTML code generated by the highlighter. This is useful in situations when you can’t use the script itself on a site.

Meta

License

Copyright (c) 2006, Ivan Sagalaev All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
  notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
  notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
  documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of highlight.js nor the names of its contributors 
  may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software 
  without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS’’ AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Authors

Syntax highlighting with language autodetection.

URL: http://softwaremaniacs.org/soft/highlight/en/

Original author and current maintainer: Ivan Sagalaev maniac@softwaremaniacs.org

Contributors: